The employer is obligated to ensure that the foreign employee has the right to work in Sweden. The right to work can be checked on the residence permit card. If the employee does not have a valid residence permit or if the employee’s right to work is restricted, for example to work in another profession, the employer cannot employ them until they have been issued the appropriate residence permit.
Ukrainians that have been entitled a residence permit with temporary protection in Sweden under the EU’s Temporary Protection Directive will receive a residence permit card (UT card) as proof of the residence permit. This shows that the person is entitled to work in Sweden. The residence permit will be valid until 4 March 2023 and if the security situation in Ukraine has not improved by then, the Swedish Migration Agency can decide to extend the permit.
In addition to temporary protection, those who have fled Ukraine can also apply for other residence permits on other grounds such as to work, study, or live with their family that already lives in Sweden. In those cases, the application normally needs to be submitted from outside Sweden and the decision must be received before entering Sweden.
Ukrainian citizens with biometric national passports or Schengen visas can stay in Sweden for 90 days and do not need to contact the Swedish Migration Agency following entry if the 90 days have not passed. However, a passport alone does not entitle them to work. To be entitled to work, either a Swedish residence permit with protection under the Temporary Protection Directive is needed, an asylum with the permission to work or a work permit.
Employers that want to employ Ukrainian citizens permanently and want to apply for a work permit can under certain conditions be registered under certification and make use of the fast-track process with the Swedish Migration Agency. This means that the employer receives a decision on work permit applications within 10-20 working days from submission of the application instead of several months.